Buenos Aires Travel Planet

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Top 10 things to see over Plaza de Mayo

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Top 10: Plaza de Mayo

Plaza de Mayo is one of the most important plazas in the city. While it is generally not considered a place to go and relax, like some of the other parks and plazas in the area, it has played a great role in the history of Buenos Aires, and is home to some important things to visit while here.

1. Casa Rosada

The Casa Rosada is the seat of the nation’s president. While the presidential family doesn’t actually reside here, it is where she (or he) works on a daily basis. Tours are given, but you must sign up in advance; there is also a museum, documenting the past of the city government.


2. El Cabildo

This was originally the first government building in Buenos Aires. Its structure has changed many times throughout history, but many of the originally arches remain. There is a market in the back courtyard on Thursdays and Fridays, and you can see many artifacts from Argentina’s early days in the museum. For more about the Cabildo in Buenos Aires, see this Buenos Aires Travel Guide.

3. La Catedral Metropolitana

The city’s official cathedral was opened in 1836, and constructed in the Neo-Classical style. General José de San Martín is buried here; he was one of the greatest South American liberators, and was proudly Argentine born. The altar is built in the Rococo style, and the cathedral is frequented daily by visitors and the devout alike.


4. Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo

Marching weekly, Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo are the mothers of those who mysteriously disappeared during the ruling of the military dictators and the Dirty War that accompanied the period, from 1976 to 1982. The group, which always wears white scarves on their heads, formed in 1977, and still holds weekly marches in honor of the disappeared, and in a plea for government action.

5. Pirámide de Mayo

This obelisk-like pyramid commemorates the revolution that started in 1810, and ended with Argentina’s independence in 1816. The pyramid is actually dedicated to the revolutionaries themselves, but stands in remembrance of the entire revolution.

6. Monument to General Belgrano

General Belgrano was one of the most remembered military figures of Argentina’s past, although he is not actually celebrated for his military contributions. Instead, he was the designer of the Argentine flag, an achievement which his monument honors.

7. Banco de la Nación

The national bank is of course a building of great importance, but it is also worth a visit for its beauty. The centerpiece is the central dome, but it also has a scale model of what the plaza looked like in the middle of the 20th century, complete with little people and vehicles.


8. Ministerio de Economía

This building is, like the national bank, of great importance on a political and, well, economical level, but it is also worthy of notice for its architectural style. It was really the first Officialist building, which was so adored by Perón, and it contains some great artwork within.

9. Plazoleta de San Francisco

This is a small sculpture garden within the plaza itself, containing four sculptures that were once placed near the Pirámide de Mayo. The sculptures represent four (of many) key parts of Argentine academics, including Industry, Navigation, Geography and Astronomy.

10. Protests

Protests have long since been an important way of getting things done in Argentina. They can take many different forms, but the Plaza de Mayo has always been a popular staging spot for these peaceful demonstrations. You can see different groups sitting with their signs on a daily basis.

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